Request PDF on ResearchGate | Capsulitis adhesiva del hombro: una revisión sistemática | Objective To determine the efficacy of manual. La capsulitis adhesiva es una condición patológica de etiología desconocida en muchas ocasiones, caracterizada por la presencia de dolor y limitación de la. CAPSULITIS ADHESIVA SINONIMIA Periartritis escapulohumeral – Duplay ( ) Hombro congelado – Codman () Capsulitis adhesiva.
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Adhesive capsulitis also known as frozen shoulder is a painful and disabling disorder of unclear cause in which the shoulder capwulitisthe connective tissue surrounding the glenohumeral joint of the shoulder, becomes inflamed and stiff, greatly restricting motion and causing chronic pain.
Pain is usually constant, worse at night, and with cold weather. Certain movements or bumps can provoke episodes of tremendous pain and cramping. The condition is thought to be caused by injury or trauma to the area and may have an autoimmune component. Risk factors for frozen shoulder include tonic seizures, capsulitie mellitusstrokeaccidents, lung diseaseconnective tissue diseasesthyroid diseaseand heart disease.
Treatment may be painful and taxing and consists of physical therapyoccupational therapymedication, massage therapy, hydrodilatation or surgery. A physician may also perform manipulation under anesthesiawhich breaks up the adhesions and scar tissue in the joint to help restore some range of motion.
But these can vary in efficacy depending on the type and severity of the frozen shoulder. The condition can lead to depression, problems in the neck and back, and severe weight loss due to long-term lack of deep sleep. People who have adhesive capsulitis may have difficulty concentrating, working, or performing daily life activities for extended periods of time.
The condition tends to be self-limiting and usually resolves over time without surgery. Movement of the shoulder is severely restricted, with progressive loss of both active and passive range of motion. Rheumatic disease progression and recent shoulder surgery can also cause a pattern of pain and limitation similar to frozen shoulder.
Intermittent periods of use may cause inflammation. In frozen shoulder, there is a lack of synovial fluidwhich normally helps the shoulder joint, a ball and socket jointmove by lubricating the gap between the humerus upper arm bone and the socket in the shoulder blade. The shoulder capsule thickens, swells, and tightens due to bands of scar tissue adhesions that have formed inside the capsule.
As a result, there is less room in the joint for the humerus, making movement of the shoulder stiff and painful. This restricted space between the capsule and ball of the humerus distinguishes adhesive capsulitis from a less complicated, painful, stiff shoulder. One sign of a frozen shoulder is that the joint becomes so tight and stiff that it is nearly impossible to carry out simple movements, such as raising the arm.
Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder – Wikipedia
The movement that is most severely inhibited is external rotation of the shoulder. People often complain that the stiffness and pain worsen at night. Pain due to frozen shoulder is usually dull or aching. It can capsjlitis worsened with attempted motion, or if bumped.
A physical therapistosteopath or chiropractorphysician, physician assistant, or nurse practitioner may suspect the patient has a frozen shoulder if a physical examination reveals limited shoulder movement. Frozen shoulder can be diagnosed if limits to the active range of motion range of motion from active use of muscles are the same or almost the same as the limits to the passive range of motion range of motion from a person manipulating the arm and shoulder.
An arthrogram or an MRI scan may confirm the diagnosis, though in practice this is rarely required. The normal course of a frozen shoulder has been described as having three stages: Imaging features of adhesive capsulitis are seen on non-contrast MRI, though MR arthrography and invasive arthroscopy are more accurate in diagnosis. The condition can also be associated with edema or fluid at the rotator intervala space in the shoulder joint normally containing fat between the supraspinatus and subscapularis tendonsmedial to the rotator cuff.
Shoulders with adhesive capsulitis also characteristically fibrose and thicken at the axillary pouch and rotator interval, best seen as dark signal on T1 sequences with edema and inflammation on T2 sequences. In the painful stage, such hypoechoic material may demonstrate increased vascularity with Doppler ultrasound. To prevent the problem, a common recommendation is to keep the shoulder joint fully moving to prevent a frozen shoulder.
Often a shoulder will hurt when it begins to freeze. Because pain discourages movement, further development of adhesions that restrict movement will occur unless the joint continues to move full range in all directions adductionabductionflexionrotationand extension.
Physical therapy and occupational therapy can help with continued movement.
CAPSULITIS ADHESIVA by Jose Santana on Prezi
However, a study showed that “supervised neglect” has a higher rate of recovery versus physical therapy and passive stretching. Treatment may continue for months, there is no strong evidence to favor any particular approach. Medications frequently used include NSAIDs ; corticosteroids are used in some cases either through local injection or systemically.
Manual therapists like osteopaths, chiropractors and physiotherapists may include massage therapy and daily extensive stretching. If these measures are unsuccessful, manipulation of the shoulder under general anesthesia to break up the adhesions is sometimes used.
Resistant adhesive capsulitis may respond to open release surgery. This technique allows the surgeon to find and correct the underlying cause of restricted glenohumeral movement such as contracture of coracohumeral ligament and rotator interval.
A study published in by Diercks and Stevens showed that supervised neglect had a better outcome than intense physical therapy.
The incidence of adhesive capsulitis is approximately 3 percent in the general population, but some researchers cast doubt on this often cited figure because of how often the disease is misdiagnosed; this would make the disease much rarer than previously thought.
Frozen shoulder is more frequent in diabetic patients and is more severe and more protracted than in the non-diabetic population. People with diabetesstrokelung capsuliyisrheumatoid arthritisor heart disease are at a higher risk for frozen shoulder.
Injury or surgery to the shoulder or arm may cause blood flow damage or the capsule to tighten from reduced use during recovery. Cases have also been reported after breast and lung surgery. This article contains text from the public domain document ” Frozen Shoulder “, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Specialty Orthopedics Symptoms Mi d Adhesive capsulitis also known as frozen shoulder is a painful and disabling disorder of unclear cause in which the shoulder capsuleacpsulitis connective tissue surrounding the glenohumeral joint of the shoulder, becomes inflamed and stiff, greatly restricting motion and causing chronic pain.
Retrieved 25 January Arthrography of the shoulder. Orthop Clin North Am ; Adhesivw of the Shoulder.
Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder
Master Medical Books, Chapter on ultrasound findings of adhesive capsulitis available at ShoulderUS. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. A randomized controlled trial”. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal. Retrieved 28 July Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder Impingement syndrome Rotator cuff tear Golfer’s elbow Tennis elbow.
Iliotibial band syndrome Patellar tendinitis Achilles tendinitis Calcaneal spur Metatarsalgia Bone spur. Plantar Nodular Necrotizing Eosinophilic. Dupuytren’s contracture Plantar fibromatosis Aggressive fibromatosis Knuckle pads.