~69, Fax. , 2. BIOLOGI 1) Klasifikasi Ikan kerapu macan (Epinehelus fusco guttatus) digolongkan pada: Class. Ikan kerapu (Epinephelus pachycentru) Ordo Famili Genus Spesies: percomorphi: serranidae: epinephelus: Epinephelus pachycentru Ikan biji nangka. Scribd is the world’s largest social reading and publishing site.

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Kembung perempuan – Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the induced hormonal sex inversion of females using the androgenic 17 alpha-methyltestosterone supplied orally and injectable. Twenty-seven fish with After days, and The hormone 17 alpha-methyltestosterone produces an anabolyzant parallel effect and increase weight gain of the fish treated with oral application.

Collaborative approach in the study of the reproductive biology of the dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus Lowe, Perciformes: Full Text Available Several aspects of the reproductive biology of the dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus were investigated using a collaborative methodology. Fish market staff were trained and encouraged to collect biological material required for reproductive studies, giving access to many specimens which otherwise would have been unavailable.

Females reachedsexual maturity at approximately mm total length. Sampled males ranged from mm and females from mm in total length. Suggestions to improve the performance of future collaborative sampling projects are discussed.

Controle de Neobenedenia melleni MacCallum, Monogenea: Capsalidae em garoupa -verdadeira, Epinephelus marginatus Lowe,cultivada em tanques-rede Control of Neobenedenia melleni MacCallum, Monogenea: Capsalidae in dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus Lowe,reared in floating net cages.

The precocious diagnosis of pathologies in the aquatic way is constituted in a vital need for the success of the cultivations. Considered as parasites opportunists, infestations of monogeneans capsalides can cause missal mortalities resulting in enormous damages in the cultivations.

Juveniles of dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus Lowe,with medium weight of Some fishes presented lesions in the. Egg and early larval development of laboratory reared dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus Lowe, Picies, Serranidae.

Full Text Available The embryonic and early larval development of the laboratory-reared dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus Lowe, are described and illustrated.

The eggs, with a mean diameter of Newly-hatched larvae were 1. Absorption of the yolk sac was complete after the fourth day, when larvae reached 2. Larvae had two fields of intensive pigmentation, one above the intestine, and the other between the anus and the end of the notochord. Diel and seasonal movement pattern of the dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus inside a marine reserve. Temporal movement patterns and spawning behaviour of the dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus were investigated using depth and temperature sensors combined to acoustic telemetry.

Records from depth sensors revealed that ilasifikasi range inside small, distinct, and individual territories. Individual variations in habitat depth are only visible on a seasonal scale, i. These vertical migrations are characteristic of the reproductive behaviour of dusky groupers, during which they release their gametes. The results are notable for the implementation of management rules in marine protected areas, such as reduced navigation speed, boating or kerapi during spawning season.

Population structure and juvenile habitat use of dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus in southern Brazil.

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Full Text Available A better understanding of population dynamics including the identification of reproductive areas and their contribution to the maintenance of fish stocks is essential for population conservation.

Dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatusis a broadly distributed fish species, usually found in marine rocky bottoms. The available information on its population in southern Brazil keapu that the neritic habitat of Carpinteiro Bank – CB is the main growth and spawning ground in the region.


We investigated if the dusky groupers caught in the rocky-jetties of Rio Grande city a littoral artificial habitat with no spawning activity originated from the CB. We sampled 28 individuals from the littoral rocky-jetties aged between 2 and 12 years, and 44 individuals from the neritic CB aged between 2 and 40 years. The otolith core natal origin and edge time shortly before capture from individuals of the same age class showed ikkan difference between the two sites.

Individual profiles of Ba: This interpretation of otolith chemical data is supported by the marked differences in salinity between the littoral and estuarine sites in these studies areas, and by the marked differences in otolith Ba: The identification of differential juvenile habitat use patterns is crucial for the establishment and implementation of management and conservation strategies to safeguard this endangered species.

Rearing larvae of dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus Lowe,Pisces: Serranidae in klasifiiasi semi-extensive mesocosm. Full Text Available One of the major obstacles to propagating dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatusis the difficulty of rearing the early larvae.

We have successfully raised dusky grouper larvae in mesocosms using a mixed diet of endogenous plankton grown in the rearing ksrapu and an exogenous supply of Brachionus plicatilis and Artemia sp. Newly hatched larvae at an initial density of 1.

Before introducing newly hatched larvae, the water was left for six days to promote plankton growth. Larval growth occurred klasifikawi two different rates: High mortalities were observed during kalsifikasi transformation.

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Parasite fauna of wild and cultured dusky-grouper Epinephelus marginatus Lowe, from Ubatuba, Southeastern Brazil. Full Text Available This study aimed at identifying and quantifying the parasites of wild and cultured dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus. During a year and thereby all four seasons, 20 wild and 20 cultured groupers were examined for the presence of parasites, except in the last season, in which 19 wild and 20 cultured fish were examined, totalling groupers analysed from Ubatuba, southeastern Brazil.

Prevalence, mean intensity of infection, mean abundance and mean relative dominance were calculated. Five species of parasites were identified in fish from both origins: Pseudorhabdosynochus beverleyburtonae Monogenea, Neobenedenia melleni Monogenea, Pseudempleurosoma sp. Monogenea, Helicometrina nimia Digenea and larvae of Contracaecum sp. The prevalence of ectoparasites, in most cases, was higher than endoparasites. The most abundant parasite was the monogenea Pseudorhabdosynochus beverleyburtonae in both wild and cultured fish, along all seasons.

Neobenedenia melleni was observed in wild and cultured fish in all seasons, with a gradual increase in the number of parasites from the coldest to the hottest seasons, with the highest prevalence and mean intensity in the summer. Helicometrina nimia was found in all seasons in both wild and cultured fish, except for summer, where its presence was detected only in wild fish. This study revealed high intensities of potentially pathogenic parasites that could favour disease outbreaks in culture conditions.

Parasite fauna of wild and cultured dusky-grouper Epinephelus marginatus Lowe, from Ubatuba, southeastern Brazil. This study aimed at identifying and quantifying the parasites of wild and cultured dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus. Pseudorhabdosynochus beverleyburtonae MonogeneaNeobenedenia melleni MonogeneaPseudempleurosoma sp.

klasifikai MonogeneaHelicometrina nimia Digenea and larvae of Contracaecum sp. Does copepods influence dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus early development? Full Text Available Good knowledge on the development of early life stages is essential for successful conservation programs of threatened fish species. Diet and rearing system affects early life survival and juvenile quality. Copepods are the natural food of fish larvae in the wild possessing high nutritional value, when compared with live ikah used in aquaculture rotifers and artemia, and a wide range of size classes.


Rearing systems with low water column disturbance and low larval densities enhanced the survival of fragile fish larvae. The aim of this work is to evaluate the effect of the introduction of copepods in the diet of early dusky grouper larvae reared in controlled mesocosm systems using larval development and juvenile quality as indicators. Two feeding protocols were tested, one composed only by rotifers Brachionus plicatilis, brine shrimp Artemia spp.

Feeding behavior, growth, survival, skeletal malformations and digestive enzymes activity was assessed at different developmental stages.

The addition of copepods to the early larvae diet of dusky grouper resulted in faster development and higher survival rates. Larvae fed with copepods improved their development.

At 20 DAH all larvae reared at the mesocosm with copedods were already at the stage of post-flexion while in the system without copepods this stage was attained later. At 30 DAH larvae supplemented with copepods attained an acidic digestion high specific activity of pepsin earlier than at the system without copepods. In this last system alkaline digestion trypsin specific activity, characteristic of early larval stages, was significantly higher reinforcing the faster development of larvae fed with copepods.

In both systems the incidence of skeletal malformations was low. Full Text Available Marine ecosystems nestle species or populations known to be threatened due to human overexploitation. Reliable detection and monitoring of threatened organisms is crucial for data-driven conservation actions. Furthermore, misidentification of species represents a major problem.

Here, we investigate the potential of using metabarcoding of environmental DNA eDNA obtained directly from seawater samples to detect endangered grouper species Epinephelus spp. Filters were then folded inwards, placed in 2 ml tubes and stored at oC until DNA extraction, which took place within 24 hours. Despite the methodological challenges inherent in eDNA analysis, the results demonstrated that eDNA method may be proved to step towards a new beginning to detect and monitor endangered grouper species.

Biology of Dermacentor marginatus Acari: Ixodidae under laboratory conditions. Full Text Available Objective: To investigate and survey the biology of Dermacentor marginatus D. In this investigation, D.

Then various developmental stages of D. The requisite time to complete the life cycle of D. The index of conversion efficiency and the index of reproduction efficiency in females were 0.

Although in this investigation, there was no meaningful correlation between preoviposition period and the klasifijasi of female ticks which were laid successfully. The significant linear oerapu was fully observed between the weight of engorged female of D. The mean of preoviposition period from 5. The minimum weight of ticks with laying capacity was 69 mg and lighter ticks 21 mg either did not lay or if they did their eggs did not hatch.

Viral Encephalopathy and Retinopathy in groupers Epinephelus spp. To date, more than 50 species have proved to be susceptible and among them, those found in genus Epinephelus are highly represented. Clinical ikam outbreaks are generally characterized by typical nervous signs and significant mortalities mainly associated with aquaculture activities, although some concerns for the impact of this infection in wild fish have been raised.